2013 Travel Diary #23: The pillow of eternal youth

by Philip Gowman on 11 September, 2013

in Expos and Festivals, Gyeongsangnam-do, Myths and legends, Traditional Medicine, Travel diaries

Donguibogam Village, Sancheong-gun, Wednesday 11 September, 5pm. At Korean expos, the emphasis is not on the looking. It is on the experiencing. You have to immerse yourself, to touch, to feel, to try something out.

At the Sancheong International Traditional Medicine Fair and Festival, then, it was no surprise when the organisers, who had come across a charming little tale from ancient China of the power of herbal medicine pilloq to extend life, decided to see if they could recreate the pillow for expo visitors to try out.

Here’s the story:

Once upon a time, an old man lived at the foot of the Great Mountain. His name is unknown. During his tour to the east, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty spotted the old man weeding a field. A several-foot long halo surrounded him in the back. Being curious, the Emperor asked him if he had learned Taoist magic. The old man said,

“A long time ago when I was 85 years old, I was very senile and almost dying. My hair turned white and many teeth fell out. By the way, an ascetic told me about how to eat only jujubes with water, refraining from eating grains and how to make a mysterious pillow.

“You must put 32 medicinal materials inside the pillow. 24 among the 32 medicinal materials are good for your health, and they represent 24 solar terms, while the other 8 are poisonous, and they correspond to 8 winds. After I slept some time using the pillow, I became younger again. White hair got black, and new teeth grew out. I became strong enough to walk as long as far as 120km a day.

“Now I am 180 years old. I miss my offspring too much to enter the mountains leaving the secular world. And it has been more than 20 years since I began eating grains again. I remain still young, though, thanks to the mysterious pillow.”

When looking at the old man’s face, the Emperor thought that he looked like a man in his early 50s. The Emperor asked his neighbours if what he had said was truth. They all said that it was true. The Emperor had his men make a pillow following the old man’s methods. The Emperor, however, could not stick to refraining from grains and drinking water instead.

It takes around 100 days after you begin to use god’s pillow for your face to become glossy. In a year, many diseases afflicting you are cured one after another with your body emitting fragrance. In four years, white hair becomes black, new teeth grow out, vision and hearing become better. It has been said that only a generous and respectable can pass on the secret prescription.

Emperor Wu asked his courtier Dongfangshuo if he knew how it could be as such. In response, Dongfangshuo said to the Emperor, “In the ancient time, Nulian passed the secret on to Yuqing, and Yuqing handed it down to Guangchengzi. And the secret was handed down to Yellow Emperor from Guangchengzi. In recent times, it is said that that hair of Chunyugong or Ascetic Gucheng, though he was older than 100, remained black thanks to the pillow he used as medicine. Diseases come through the positive pulses of the human body. However, if you use the pillow as medicine, it will prevent vicious winds from intruding into the human body. This is very natural. For your reference, though the pillow cover is made of cotton cloth, a leather bag should be used to wrap the pillow while not in use. Only when you use the pillow, the leather bag should be removed.”

Emperor Wu granted the old man a roll of silk as a prize. The old man, however, hesitantly held back receiving the prize and said, “The relationship between Emperor and subject is like that of parents and children. When a child has heard truth, it is natural to tell the parents about it. Your Majesty, therefore I am afraid I cannot allow myself to receive your Majesty’s prize. At the same time, I am not a kind of person who sells the truth. I just dare to want to tell your Majesty about this because you like benevolent behaviours.” Emperor Wu, then, granted the old man many kinds of medications as prizes.

Here’s the resulting pillow, opened up so that you can see all the herbs inside:

The pillow of eternal youth

They kindly gave you the recipe, should you wish to try this at home:

On May 5 or July 7, go to the mountains and cut down an Oriental arborvitae for making a pillow. The pillow should be as long as 34cm and as tall as 13cm. The inner part of the pillow should be carved out to leave a cavity. The capacity of the cavity should be as much as 22 liters. Then, make a lid for the pillow. The lid should be made of heartwood of Oriental arborvitae. The lid should slide for opening and closing, and fit the guiding grooves well. Next is to make holes in the lid. The holes should be as large as the size of hulled millets. The holes should be made in three lines. Each line should have 40 holes totaling 120 holes altogether.

There are 24 medicinal materials which correspond to 24 solar terms. They are cnidium officinale, angelica gigas, angelica dahurica root, magnolia denudata, asarum forbesii, atractylcodes macrocephala koidzumi, Chinese lovage, magnoliaceae, madder, cinnamon, dried ginger, ledebourialla seseloides, ginseng, balloonflower, poria cocas wolf, jingshi, cistanche deserticola, carduus crispus, biota seed, coix lachrymal-jobi var. mayuen, tussilago farfara, cynanchum atratum bunge, zanthoxylum bungeanum, and ligusticum chuanxiong.

The other 8 are poisonous, and correspond to the 8 winds. They are: aconitum carmichaeli, aconitum carmichaeli debeaux, veratrum nigrum, gleditsia sinensis, erigeron canadensis, ettringite, pinellia ternate, and asarum. A pillow needs 37g of each of these 32 medicinal materials for its cavity: cut the stated quantity of each of the medicinal materials into slices and put them in the cavity of the pillow with poisonous materials placed above. A pillow cover should be made of cotton cloth.

Needless to say, we had to try it out.

Experiencing the pillow

Combined with the soothing music, the fragrance of the wood and the herb mixture was very soothing. I haven’t noticed my one or two grey hairs recovering their original colour, or any teeth growing back – yet – but then I only lay on it for five minutes rather than the required few years.

4-5 Sept Arrival
Introduction | 1 – Leaving London | 2 – Arrival in Sancheong
6 Sept The International Traditional Medicine Expo, day 1
3 – Preparing for the Expo | 4 – Honouring the spirits, feeling the gi | 5 – The official duties
7 Sept Sancheong’s finest potter, and the start of the hike
6 – An editing project is born | 7 – Min Young-ki’s new directions | 8 – Prayers to the Sanshin
8 Sept Jirisan
9 – Sunrise on Cheonwangbong | 10 – Breakfast at Beopgyesa | 11 – Mother Mago, the Goddess of Jirisan
9 Sept Sancheong, Gwangyang and Suncheon
12 – The recreation forest, and getting to know the Expo | 13 – The Sancheong Oriental Medicinal Herb Institute | 14 – Gwangyang and the journey into Jeollanamdo
10 Sept Suncheon International Garden Expo and arrival at Unjusa
15 – The Suncheon Lake Garden | 16 – Hwang Ji-hae’s The Lugworm’s Trail | 17 – Kang Ik-joong’s Bridge of Dreams | 18 – The Korean Garden | 19 – Mosquitoes at Unjusa
11 Sept Unjusa and back to the Sancheong Traditional Medicine Expo
20 – The temple of a thousand pagodas | 21 – Return to Sancheong | 22 – Tiger, Bear and herb: the traditional Korean medicine experience | 23 – The pillow of eternal youth | 24 – Yin, Yang and Ginseng
12 Sept More time at the Traditional Medicine Expo
25 – The Hallyu 4.0 Experience | 26 – The first round of farewells
13 Sept Sancheong and Hongdae in one day
27 – Last day at the Expo | 28 – Clubbing with the CFOs
14 Sept The Galleries and Museums
29 – Korea Artist Prize 2013 | 30 – New Connections | 31 – We are all heroes: Baseball and the Bull at Seoul Museum | 32 – The Seokpajeong: a haven of peace in Buamdong | 33 – An evening in Daehakro
15 Sept The Sajik Daeje
34 – The Gods of Land and Grain | 35 – Renewing old friendships
16 Sept Return to London
36 – The royal perambulation | Thank-yous

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